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- Source of title proper: Title based on provenance of the fonds
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1887-1987, Copied 2012, predominant 1913-1952 (Creation)
- Guardian (Newspaper)
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Name of creator
The Guardian newspaper officially began printing in 1887, after Rev. William R. Frame gained ownership of The Protestant Union, previously known as the The Presbyterian. Following Rev. Frame's death in1888, John L. MacKinnon became general manager and editor followed by Benjamin Higgs who changed the paper from a weekly to a daily on 27 January 1891. J. P. Hood acquired a controlling interest in the paper following the death of Higgs in 1896. J.E.B. MacCready was already in editorial charge at that time.
In 1912, The Guardian came under the ownership of the Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island which was seeking stronger newspaper support. They hired J.R. Burnett, an experienced journalist from Scotland, to be the editor of their newly aquired paper. With him as associate editors were J.E.B. MacCready, D.K. Currie, and later Frank Walker. At this time the paper was owned by Charles Dalton whose interests were sold to W. Chester S. MacLure and Lt. Col. D.A. MacKinnon ca. 1921. J.R. Burnett was the only other stockholder.
James Robertson Burnett was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1871. He began his career in journalism in his hometown as a reporter for the local paper, and later he became editor of The Dalkeith Advertiser, another Scotland-based newspaper. By the turn of the century, Burnett was employed as assistant editor, and eventually editor, of The Weekly Argosy, a weekly newspaper located in British Guiana. Burnett experienced great success with the Guardian, increasing its readership from 3,000 readers in 1912 to over 13,000 readers in 1952.
He also made great strides in the system of delivering his paper to the public. He enlisted the help of delivery trucks, and eventually airplanes, in a successful attempt to deliver the newspaper to all Island citizens, regardless of location, on the morning that it was printed, a feat which had never been attempted before. He even began his own transportation company, Provincial Transport Limited, which he eventually sold to Canada Post. Also part of his legacy is his coining of the phrase "Covers the Island Like the Dew", a phrase that is still used today as the sub-heading of The Guardian.
Operation of The Guardian became a truly family affair in 1946, when J.R. Burnett and his four sons, Ian, William, James (Lyn) and George bought out shareholders MacKinnon and MacLure, to gain total ownership of the newspaper. This ownership would remain intact until June 12th, 1952, when J.R. Burnett passed away late in the evening of apparent heart failure. Ian became editor and publisher, with Frank Walker as associate editor, while his brothers held executive positions in other departments. The Burnetts retained ownership of The Guardian until December 1953, when they ended their financial ties to the paper by selling it to Thompsons Newspapers Limited.
Since 1953,The Guardian has changed hands several times, but as of August 2002, the newspaper has been under the ownership of Transcontinental Media of Montreal, Quebec.
On 28 April 1923, a fire had destroyed the Guardian building and plant then located on the corner of Kent and Gt. George Streets. For some time the paper was issued from J.R. Burnett's residence and printed on the Patriot press. When the Temperance Hall on the corner of Prince and Grafton Streets became available the paper moved to that location where it was published until 1956 when it moved to a new building across Prince Street.
Name of creator
James Robertson Burnett was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1871. He began his career in journalism in his hometown as a reporter for the local paper, and later he became editor of The Dalkeith Advertiser, another Scotland-based newspaper. By the turn of the century, Burnett was employed as assistant editor, and eventually editor, of The Weekly Argosy, a weekly newspaper located in British Guiana. During his nine years in the British Colony, he successfully turned the Argosy into a daily newspaper. He then returned to Scotland, where he received an offer from Senator William Dennis of Canada to become editor of The Guardian in 1912. Burnett, then having twenty-four years of journalism experience, made the journey to Prince Edward Island, where he experienced great success with The Guardian, increasing its readership from 3,000 readers in 1912 to over 13,000 readers in 1952.
J. R. Burnett made several other improvements in the operation of The Guardian while acting as managing editor. He made great strides in improving the system of delivering his paper to the public. He enlisted the help of delivery trucks, and eventually airplanes, in a successful attempt to deliver the newspaper to all Island citizens, regardless of location, on the morning that it was printed, a feat which had never been attempted before. He even began his own transportation company, Provincial Transport Inc., which he eventually sold to Canada Post. Also part of his legacy is his coining of the phrase "Covers the Island Like the Dew", a phrase that is still used today as the sub-heading of The Guardian. Burnett is considered to be one of the pioneers of the Canadian Press, acting as one of its founding directors.
Besides being a successful business man, J. R. Burnett was also a dedicated family man. He married Flora Hope Trotter in 1909 in Scotland, after which they had five sons; Ian Allan (1910), William Robertson (1911), Niall Hope (1913), James Evelyn (1916), and George Mathieson (1919). His sons eventually became vital components of the operation of The Guardian, each holding positions of authority within the newspaper, except for Niall Burnett, who was killed in action during the Second World War.
J. R. Burnett took interest in several other associations other than the newspaper to which he was so dedicated. He was very dedicated to his church, Kirk of St. James Presbyterian Church, with himself and several of his sons becoming active elders in the church. He was also very involved with the Boy Scouts of Prince Edward Island, and he received the Scout's Medal of Merit for his volunteer efforts with the group.
James R. Burnett died on 12 June 1952.
Name of creator
Scope and content
The fonds consists of various records and photographs pertaining to the Guardian newspaper enterprise and its employees and some personal records of its editor and manager, James Robertson Burnett. The former include financial records, minutes, shareholder information, correspondence, and historical and legal documentation. Personal papers include Burnett's 1936 diary and will, some correspondence and a considerable amount of biographical and autobiographical information. The fonds has been divided into the following six series:
Series 1: Financial statements
Series 2: Minutes
Series 3: Historical documentation
Series 4: Correspondence
Series 5: Personal papers of J. R. Burnett
Series 6: Photographs
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- Guardian (Newspaper) (Creator)
- Burnett, James Robertson (Creator)
- Provincial Transport Limited (Creator)
- Burnett, James Robertson, 1871-1952 (Subject)
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